An Iberian and Roman city in ancient times, in the Middle Ages it became the capital of the Islamic caliphate.
It has been estimated that in the 10th century and beginning of the 11th century, Córdoba was the most populous city in the world,and during these centuries became the intellectual center of Europe.Today it is a moderately-sized modern city; its population in 2008 was 325,453.
The gracious old town has the biggest and most labyrinthine old quarter in Spain containing monuments this old town spreads around its extraordinary Mosque on a bend in the River Guadalquivir.
The magnificent Mequita (Mosque) a symbol of a worldly and sophisticated Islamic culture begun in 785 and expanded and embellished during the following two centuries. At the very centre of the Mezquita stands the 1523 Renaissance cathedral, an intrusion that reflected Christian pride.
Córdoba's medieval Jewish quarter, the Juderia, surrounds the Mezquita and is a wonderful place to explore on foot, with plenty of bars and cafe's.
The most famous street in the area is known as Calleja de las Flores (Flower Alley) which gives a view of the Mezquita bell tower framed between the narrow white washed walls with pretty flower pots hanging from the walls.
The Main square of Córdoba is Plaza de las Tendillas, 500m north of the Mezquita, with the main shopping streets to the plaza's north and west. The train and bus stations are 1km northwest of Plaza de las Tendillas.
The Roman Bridge or Puente Romano over the Guadalquivir river that consists of 16 arcs with asymmetrical moulds. The view of this historical bridge can be more appreciated during the night, when illumination lends a romantic feel over the area.
There is so much to see and explore in Córdoba, it is definitely worth a day or weekend away.